Lifestyle

For success with seeds, timing is everything

Around this time of year, millions of Canadians are leafing through seed catalogues or browsing through seed racks in garden centres. They are imagining all sorts of wonderful colour schemes for their gardens and anticipating baskets of fresh produce. All these good things are going to come from seeds.

It seems fairly easy, but I would guess that less than 50 per cent of all seeds purchased actually grow. This is not because the seeds are defective, even though we like to blame them; it’s most often because we need a little more information on how to have success with seeds.

Today, new hybrid pansy seeds cost about 3.7 cents each, and hybrid tomato seeds are often more than $125 an ounce.  If you’re interested in saving money, there is some value in knowing at least a few of the basics about seed germination.

Firstly, most of us buy too much seed.  We keep thinking that vegetable seeds are such a great investment, so we buy a few extra, just in case some don’t make it. That’s like buying a year’s supply of detergent when it’s not on sale.

As a guide, many seed companies are now listing the number of seeds each packet contains, and seed catalogues are very good at indicating how many seeds are needed per gram of seed. If you only need six tomato plants, why are you buying 200 seeds?

The next problem is what to do with seeds once we have them. Some folks leave them in the kitchen, some end up in the garage, and many get misplaced or lost. The best place for virtually all your vegetable and flower seeds is in your freezer. Not only do you know where they are, but they are also being stored at a constant temperature and humidity. This stratifies them as well, which helps speed up germination. If the World Seed Bank freezes seeds, I think it’s safe to do.

Timing is everything, as the saying goes, and this is especially true with seeds.  There has to be a natural progression from seed germination to planting outside in the garden. Unless you have a perfectly controlled environment in which to keep young seedlings, you must time your seeds to correspond with the readiness of your garden outside. In other words, don’t start outdoor tomatoes until early April.

I’m also convinced that you need a cool, well-lit area in which to place your young seedlings during the early stages of growth. Adjustable PowerSmart lighting, adjustable heat and circulating fans are also important.

It takes a bit of trial and error to really achieve success with germination, but the basics are a good medium, clean starting trays, bottom heat, good light and humidity.

Starter mixes are probably the easiest way to go, and if you use these mixes in plastic cell packs or seed plug trays, your success will be far better.

Many seed catalogues indicate the temperature at which the best germination can be achieved, and you can provide that temperature by means of heating trays.  Keep in mind, however, that they are not cheap.

Few seeds need to be covered with a growing mix for optimum germination.  Most seeds need to be exposed to about 12 to 16 hours of high intensity light per day.  They must, however, be kept humid.

After watering them carefully, using very hot water and a proper watering can or misting bottle, be sure you place some clear plastic or glass on top of the trays to hold in both the warmth and the humidity.  Seeds need to be checked twice daily for moisture.

Germination time will vary with the type of seed, but as soon as they sprout, immediately remove the covers, cool them down, provide lots of light and good air circulation and keep the humidity up.

A drenching with an organic sulphur-based fungicide, like ‘Defender’, will help prevent disease. Maintain the soil on the dry side once the seeds are up and away.

Your greatest challenge will be to keep all your seedlings short and compact before they go into the garden. High light, moderate watering and cooler temperatures will help you achieve just that.

There is a lot of satisfaction in growing your own plants from seed, but germination takes a good deal of care and attention.

Seeds contain a little magic, and like a good magician, we must learn our craft well to help them perform up to our expectations.

Brian Minter owns and operates Minter Gardens just outside of Chilliwack.

We encourage an open exchange of ideas on this story's topic, but we ask you to follow our guidelines for respecting community standards. Personal attacks, inappropriate language, and off-topic comments may be removed, and comment privileges revoked, per our Terms of Use. Please see our FAQ if you have questions or concerns about using Facebook to comment.

You might like ...

Not all business groups back new transit tax in Metro Vancouver
 
Christmas concerts
 
Maple Ridge man plucked off mountain after a week
Metro Vancouver loses court appeal to uphold growth limits in Langley
 
Blazing a trail in brand new sport
 
No injuries in fiery Lamborghini crash in South Surrey
New democrats pick Seonaigh MacPherson to run in Chilliwack-Hope
 
Agassiz-Harrison Lions support the Canadian Diabetes Association
 
Cloverdale Arena turns into winter wonderland

Community Events, December 2014

Add an Event


Read the latest eEdition

Browse the print edition page by page, including stories and ads.

Dec 24 edition online now. Browse the archives.