by Chef Dez/Special to Black Press Media
If, at the present moment, you have cornmeal in your pantry, it is probably the residual ingredient from a cornbread recipe you once tried. Although cornmeal is very versatile, and a staple in every Italian kitchen, here in Canada I find that it is not very popular. Not only is it the basic component of cornbread, but it is also used to create polenta. To describe it literally, polenta is basically a cornmeal mush that is served as a side dish to a meal.
When I first tried polenta as a child, I was extremely disappointed with the taste of it. All it represented to me was a spoonful of yellow, coarse mush that was tremendously bland. I have learned over the years that an infusion of richness and flavour makes a world of difference. Currently when I make polenta, I always add butter, a grated flavourful cheese, like Romano, and some freshly crushed garlic.
Polenta is usually served in one of two consistencies: as a loose paste, much like mashed potatoes; or as a solid that has been chilled overnight, cut into shapes, then grilled or fried. It is more often served hot in the mush form due to the ease of preparation, and traditionally topped with a tomato-based sauce, much like a pasta sauce. This is very popular in Italy and is often served as a ‘starch’ instead of potatoes.
Corn has been milled into ‘meal’ for many years and is also a staple ingredient in many Mexican foods such as tortillas and cornbreads. Cornmeal should be stored in a cool, dry place with a tight-fitting lid to prevent moisture and insects from contaminating it.
“Polenta parties” offer a unique dining experience, and something you may want to try this coming holiday season. The host of these parties prepares a large batch of polenta and pours it hot onto a slab at the dinner table surrounded by the hungry guests. An assortment of sauces, vegetables, and an array of grilled meat pieces are also supplied. This provides an extraordinary ambience for conversation as people graze on their polenta-dipped morsels and sip on wine.
Dear Chef Dez,
At a restaurant I have seen polenta cut into squares and grilled or fried. Every time I have tried this at home, the polenta never stays together and always softens to the point of losing its shape. What am I doing wrong?
Rita M., Pitt Meadows
Apart from trying a different recipe, I can suggest the following. Either your polenta contains too much liquid, has not set properly, or your grill or oil is not hot enough. During the initial cooking process the cornmeal mixture needs to be cooked long enough to evaporate additional moisture. This will depend on your ratio of liquids to cornmeal in your recipe. It should be very thick when pressing it into a pan to cool.
After doing so, make sure that it sets in the refrigerator for at least 12 hours to ensure that it has set up properly. Do not remove from the fridge and cut until just before grilling or frying the pieces. Preheating of the grill or oil to a high temperature is vital to ensure proper caramelization and browning of the surface without overcooking the polenta.
– Chef Dez is a food columnist and culinary instructor in the Fraser Valley. Visit him at www.chefdez.com. Send questions to email@example.com or to P.O. Box 2674, Abbotsford, B.C. V2T 6R4